Use an infinitive phrase to create active and passive
sentences using the given ideas and the verbs in parentheses. (Omit the
by-phrase in passive sentences)
1 The teacher said to me, “You may leave early”. (permit)
The teacher permitted me to leave early. (active)
I was permitted to leave early. (passive)
2 The secretary said to me, “Please give this note to
3 My advisor said to me, “You should take Biology 109.” (advise)
4 When I went to traffic court, the judge said to me,
“You must pay a fine.” (order)
5 During the test, the teacher said to Greg, “Keep your
eyes on your own paper.” (warn)
6 During the test, the teacher said to Greg, “Don’t look
at your neighbour’s paper.” (warn)
7 At the meeting, the head of the department said to the
faculty, “Don’t forget to turn in your grade reports by the 15th.” (remind)
8 Mr. Lee said to the children, “Be quiet.” (tell)
9 The hijacker said to the pilot, “You must land the
10 When I was growing up, my parents said to me, “You may
stay up late on Saturday night.” (allow)
11 The teacher said to the students, “Speak slowly and
12 The teacher always says to the students, “You are
supposed to come to class on time.” (expect)
COMMON VERBS FOLLOWED BY EITHER INFINITIVES OR GERUNDS
Group A: verb + infinitive or gerund, with no
difference in meaning
begin like hate
start love can’t stand
continue prefer* can’t bear
The verbs in Group A may be followed by either an
infinitive or a gerund with little or no difference in meaning.
If the main verb is progressive, an infinitive (not a
gerund) is usually used.
Group B: verb + infinitive or gerund, with a difference
The verbs in Group B may be followed by either an
infinitive or a gerund, but the meaning is different.
(a) Judy always remembers to lock the door.
(b) Sam often forgets to lock the door.
(c) I remember seeing the Alps for the first time. The
sight was impressive.
(d) I’ll never forget seeing the Alps for the first
Remember + infinitive = remember to perform
responsibility, duty, or task, as in (a)
Forget + infinitive = forget to perform a
responsibility, duty, or task, as in (b)
Remember + gerund = remember (recall) something that
happened in the past, as in (c)
Forget + gerund = forget something that happened in the
past, as in (d)**
(e) I regret to tell you that you failed the test.
(f) I regret lending him some money. He never paid me
Regret + infinitive = regret to say, to tell someone,
to inform someone of some bad news, as in (e)
Regret + gerund = regret something that happened in the
past, as in (f)
(g) I’m trying to learn English
(h) The room was hot. I tried opening the window, but
that didn’t help. So I tried turning on the fan, but I was still hot.
Finally, I turned on the air conditioner.
Try + infinitive = make an effort, as in (g)
Try + gerund = experiment with a new or different
approach to see if it works, as in (h)
*Notice the patterns with prefer:
prefer+gerund: I prefer staying home to going to the
prefer+infinitive: I’d prefer to stay home (rather) than
(to) go to the concert.
**Forget followed by a gerund usually occurs in a
negative sentence or in a question: e.g., I’ll never forget, I can’t forget,
Have you ever forgotten, and Can you ever are often followed by a gerund