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쳿

쳿

. 1 Vertebra cervicalis prima (atlas). :

1-tuberculum posterius; 2-arcus posterior; 3-foramen vertebrale; 4-sulcus arteriae vertebralis; 5-facies articularis superior; 6-foramen transversarium; 7-processus transversus; 8-massa lateralis; 9-fovea dentis; 10-tuberculum anterius; 11-arcus anterior

. 2 Vertebra cervicalis secunda (axis). , :

1-dens; 2-facies articularis posterior; 3-corpus vertebrae; 4-facies articularis superior; 5-processus transversus; 6-processus articularis inferior; 7-arcus vertebrae; 8-processus spinosus

. 3 Articulatio atlantoaxial mediana. :

1-tuberculum posterior atlantis; 2-foramen vertebrale; 3-facies articularis superior (atlantis); 4-foramen transversarium atlantis; 5-ligamentum transversum atlantis; 6-articulatio atlantoaxialis mediana (pars posterior); 7-dens axis; 8-articulatio atlanto-axialis mediana (pars anterior); 9-tuberculum anterior atlantis; 10-ligamentum alare

. 4 . :

1-m.digastricus (venter anterior); 2-m.mylohyoideus; 3-glandula sub-mandibularis; 4-m.stylohyoideus; 5-m.digastricus (venter posterior); 6-vena jugularis interna; 7-arteria carotis communis; 8-m.omohyoideus (venter superior); 9-m.sternocleidomastoideus; 10-m.omohyoideus (venter inferior); 11-m.scalenus medius; 12-m.scalenus posterior; 13-m.trapezius; 14-clavicula; 15-m.pectoralis major; 16-m.sternocleidomastoideus (pars clavic-ularis); 17-m.sternocleidomastoideus (pars sternalis); 18-m.sternothy-roideus; 19-m.sternohyoideus; 20-platysma; 21-os hyoideum

. 5 ̒ . :

1-m.masseter; 2-m.stylohyoideus; 3-m.digastricus (venter posterior); 4-m.hyoglossus; 5-m.mylohyoideus; 6-m.digastricus (venter anterior); 7-tendo intermedius (digastricus); 8-os hyoideum; 9-m.thyrohyoideus; 10-venter superior m.omohyoidei; 11-m.sternohyoideus; 12-m.sternocleidomastoideus; 13-m.sternocleidomastoideus (pars clavicularis); 14-m.sternocleidomastoideus (pars sternalis); 15-m.deltoideus; 16-m.pectoralis major; 17-clavicuIa; 18-m.omohyoideus (venter inferior); 19-m.scalenus posterior; 20-m.scalenus medius; 21-m.scalenus anterior; 22-m.trapezius; 23-m.levator scapulae; 24-m.splenius capitis; 25-glandula parotidea; 26-m.occipitofrontalis (venter posterior)

. 6 ̒ . :

1-m.mylohyoideus; 2-m.hyoglossus; 3-m.digastricus (venter anterior); 4-os hyoideum; 5-m.thyrohyoideus; 6-m.constrictor pharyngis inferior; 7-m.omohyoideus (venter superior); 8-m.sternohyoideus; 9-m.sternothy-roideus; 10-glandula thyroidea; 11-esophagus; 12-trachea; 13-clavicula (); 14-costa 1; 15-m.intercostalis externus; 16-m.scalenus posterior; 17-m.scalenus medius; 18-m.scalenus anterior; 19-m.omohyoideus (venter inferior); 20-m.longus colli; 21-m.levator scapulae; 22-m.longus capitis (); 23-m.semispinalis capitis; 24-m.longissimus capitis; 25-m.ster-nocleidomastoideus; 26-m.digastricus (venter posterior); 27-m.stylohy-oideus; 28-m.masseter; 29-m.styloglossus

. 7 . :

1-m.rectus capitis anterior; 2-m.rectus capitis lateralis; 3-mm.intertrans-versarii; 4-m.longus capitis; 5-m.longus colli; 6-costa 1; 7-m.scalenus posterior; 8-m.scalenus medius; 9-m.scalenus anterior; 10-m.levator scapulae (); 11-axis; 12-processus transversus atlantis; 13-processus styloideus; 14-pars basilaris ossis occipitalis

. 8 . ̒ :

1-lamina pretrachealis fasciae cervicalis; 2-m.sternohyoideus; 3-lamina superficialis fasciae cervicalis; 4-m.stemothyroideus; 5-platysma; 6-lamina prevertebralis fasciae cervicalis; 7-m.omohyoideus; 8-m.sternocleidomastoideus; 9-m.longus colli; 10-m.scalenus anterior; 11-mm.scalenus medius et posterior; 12-m.semispinalis cervicis; 13-m.semispinalis capitis; 14-m.levator scapulae; 15-m.splenius capitis et m.splenius cervicis; 16-m.trapezius; 17-lig.nuchae; 18-processus spinosus vertebrae cervicalis; 19-arteria verte-bralis et vena vertebralis; 20-n.vagus; 21-arteria carotis communis; 22-vena jugularis interna; 23-esophagus; 24-glandula thyroidea; 25-trachea

. 9 Cavum pharyngis.Sectio sagittalis:

1-plica salpingopalatine; 2-ostium pharyngeum tubae auditivae; 3-tonsilla pharyngea; 4-recessus pharyngeus; 5-torus tubarius; 6-arcus anterior (atlantis); 7-palatum molle; 8-plica salpingopharyngea; 9-uvula (palatina); 10-arcus palatoglossus; 11-tonsilla palatina; 12-arcus palatopharyngeus; 13-pars oralis pharyngis; 14-epiglottis; 15-pars laryngea pharyngis; 16-cartilago cricoidea; 17-esophagus; 18-trachea; 19-cavitas laryngis; 20-os hyoideum; 21-m.mylohyoideus; 22-m.geniohyoideus; 23-m.genioglossus; 24-vestibulum oris; 25-cavitas oris propria; 26-concha nasalis inferior; 27-concha nasalis media; 28-palatum durum; 29-concha nasalis superior; 30-sinus sphe-noidalis

. 10 Musculi pharyngis. :

1-clivus; 2-m.constrictor pharyngis superior; 3-m.petropharyngeus; 4-m.stylopharyngeus; 5-m.stylohyoideus; 6-m.constrictor pharyngis medius; 7-m.constrictor pharyngis inferior; 8-m.palatopharyngeus; 9-esophagus; 10-m.constrictor pharyngis inferior; 11-cornu majus ossis hyoidei; 12-m.pterygoideus medialis; 13-raphe pharyngis; 14-m.pterygoideus lateralis; 15-processus styloideus

. 11 Musculi pharyngis. :

1-choana; 2-m.tensor veli palatini; 3-m.stylopharyngeus; 4-m.stylohy-oideus; 5-epiglottis; 6-m.arytenoideus obliquus; 7-m.cricoarytenoideus posterior; 8-stratum circulare (tunica muscularis esophagei); 9-stratum longitudinale (tunica muscularis esophagei); 10-m.arytenoideus transversus; 11-aditus laryngis; 12-m.stylopharyngeus; 13-m.palatopharyngeus; 14-radix linguae; 15-uvula palatina; 16-m.salpingopharyngeus; 17-m.pterygoideus medialis; 18-m.levator veli palatini; 19-m.pterygoideus lateralis

. 12 Larynx et glandula thyroidea. :

1-corpus ossis hyoideum; 2-cornu minus; 3-cornu majus; 4-cartilago triticea; 5-lig.thyrohyoideum medianum; 6-incisura thyroidea superior; 7-lig.cricothyroideum; 8-pars recta (m.cricothyroideus); 9-pars obliqua (m.cricothyroideus); 10-lobus sinisterglandulae thyroideae; 11-trachea; 12-isthmus gl.thyroideae; 13-lobus dexter glandulae thyroideae; 14-lobus pyra-midalis glandulae thyroideae; 15-m.thyrohyoideus

. 13 Cavum laryngis. :

1-uvula palatina; 2-pars oralis pharyngis; 3-radix linguae; 4-epiglottis; 5-pars laryngea pharyngis; 6-plica aryepiglottica; 7-vestibulum laryngis; 8-tuberculum cuneiforme; 9-tuberculum corniculatum; 10-plica vestibularis; 11-ventriculus laryngis; 12-mm.arytenoideae; 13-plicavocalis; 14-cavitasinfraglottica; 15-lamina cartilaginis cricoidea; 16-trachea; 17-oesophagus; 18-glan-dula thyroidea; 19-arcus cartilaginis cricoideae; 20-lig.cricothyroideum; 21-cartilago thyroidea; 22-corpus adiposum preepiglotticum; 23-lig.thyrohyoideum medianum; 24-lig.hyoepiglotticum; 25-os hyoideum

. 14 . :

1-corpus ossis hyoidei; 2-cornu majus; 3-cartilago triticea; 4-cornu superius; 5-tuberculum thyroideum superior; 6-cartilago thyroidea (lamina sinistra); 7-tuberculum thyroideum inferius; 8-cornu inferius; 9-arcus cartilaginis cricoideae; 10-cartilagines tracheales; 11-ligg.anularia; 12-lig.cricotra-cheale; 13-lig.cricothyroideum anterius; 14-lig.cricothyroideum medianum; 15-incisura thyroidea superior; 16-membrana thyrohyoidea; 17-lig.thyrohyoideum medianum; 18-lig.thyrohyoideum laterale

. 15 . :

1-epiglottis; 2-petiolus epiglottidis; 3-cornu maius; 4-cartilago triticea; 5-cornu superius; 6-cartilago thyroidea (lamina dextra); 7-cartilago arytenoidea; 8-lig.cricoarytenoideum posterius (articulatio cricoarytenoidea); 9-lig.ceratocricoideum posterius; 10-articulatio cricothyroidea; 11-lig.cricothyroideum laterale; 12-cartilagines tracheales; 13-paries membranaceus tracheae; 14-lamina cartilaginis cricoideae; 15-cornu inferius (cart. thyroideae); 16-processus muscularis; 17-processus vocalis; 18-lig.thyroepiglotticum; 19-cartilago corniculata; 20-lig.thyrohyoideum laterale; 21-membrana thyrohyoidea

. 16 Musculi laryngis. :

1-radix linguae; 2-epiglottis; 3-pars aryepiglottica (m.arytenoideus obliquus); 4-incisura interarytenoidea; 5-m.arytenoideus obliquus; 6-lamina carti-laginis thyroideae (dextra, ); 7-m.cricoarytenoideus posterior; 8-m.cricothyroideus; 9-cornu inferius (cart. thyroideae); 10-lamina cartilaginis cricoideae; 11-m.arytenoideus transversus; 12-cornu superius (cart. thyroideae)

. 17 Cavum laryngis. :

1-epiglottis; 2-cornu majus; 3-cartilago triticea; 4-lig.thyrohyoideum laterale; 5-membrana thyrohyoidea; 6-cornu superius; 7-plica vestibularis; 8-ventriculus laryngis; 9-plica vocalis; 10-articulatio cricoarytenoidea; 11-cavitas infraglottica; 12-cavitas tracheae; 13-lamina cartilaginis cricoideae; 14-m.cricoarytenoideus posterior; 15-cartilago arytenoidea; 16-cartilago corniculata; 17-vestibulum laryngis

. 18 . :

1-.auricularis posterior; 2-.carotis externa; 3-a.facialis; 4-.submentalis; 5-m.mylohyoideus; 6-glandula submandibularis; 7-.lingualis; 8-.thyroidea superior; 9-m.sternohyoideus; 10-m.omohyoideus (venter superior); 11-m.scalenus anterior; 12-a.suprascapularis; 13-.subclavia; 14-plexus brachialis; 15-m.omohyoideus (venter inferior); 16-m.trapezius; 17-a.transversa cervicis; 18-a.cervicalis superficialis; 19-m.scalenus medius; 20-m.levator scapulae; 21-m.sternocleidomastoideus; 22-a.carotis interna; 23-a.occipitalis

. 19 Arteria carotis communis et arteria subclavia. :

1-.temporalis superficialis; 2-.angularis; 3-a.labialis superior; 4-.labialis inferior; 5-.facialis; 6-n.hypoglossus; 7-.lingualis; 8-os hyoideum; 9-a.thyroidea superior; 10-m.sternohyoideus; 11-a.carotis communis (dextra); 12-truncus thyrocervicalis; 13-.subclavia; 14-a.suprascapularis; 15-a.subclavia; 16-a.transversa cervicis; 17-a.cervicalis superficialis; 18-a.cervicalis ascendens; 19-m.levator scapulae; 20-a.carotis externa; 21-a.carotis interna; 22-n.vagus; 23-a.occipitalis; 24-a.auricularis posterior; 25-a.transersa faciei

. 20 . :

1-.vertebralis; 2-.basilaris; 3-aa.cerebri posterior (dextra et sinistra); 4-a.ophtalmica; 5-.carotis interna; 6-.palatina ascendens; 7-.facialis; 8-a.carotis externa; 9-.lingualis; 10-a.thyroidea superior; 11-.carotis communis; 12-a.cervicalis ascendens; 13-.thoracica interna; 14-truncus brachiocephalicus; 15-truncus costocervicalis; 16-a.intercostalis suprema; 17-a.subclavia; 18-truncus thyrocervicalis

. 21 . :

1-v.jugularis externa; 2-v.occipitalis; 3-v.retromandibularis; 4-v.auricularis posterior; 5-v.temporalis superficialis; 6-v.transversa faciei; 7-v.angularis; 8-v.jugularis anterior; 9-platysma

. 22 . :

1-v.thyroidea superior; 2-.carotis communis; 3-v.jugularis anterior; 4-v.subclavia; 5-v.axillaris; 6-v.cephalica; 7-v.jugularis interna; 8-m.levator scapulae; 9-v.facialis; 10-v.jugularis externa; 11-v.auricularis posterior; 12-v.temporalis superflcicalis; 13-v.angularis

. 23 Nervus vagus. :

1-n.vagus; 2-os hyoideum; 3-ramus cardiacus superior; 4-truncus sympathi-cus; 5-cartilago thyroidea laryngis; 6-glandula thyroidea; 7-n.laryngeus recurrens sinister; 8, 10-rr.cardiaci cervicales; 9-.carotis communis sinistra; 11-.subclavia sinistra; 12-arcus aortae; 13-truncus brachiocephalicus; 14-a.subclavia dextra; 15-.carotis communis dextra; 16-m.scalenus anterior; 17-a.vertebralis dextra; 18-n.laryngeus recurrens dexter; 19-n.laryngeus superior dexter; 20-n.hypoglossus dexter; 21-m.stylopharyngeus; 22-ganglion cervicale superius (nervi vagi)

. 24 . . :

1-.transversus colli; 2-nn.supraclaviculares; 3-n.auricularis magnus; 4-n.occipitalis minor; 5-n.occipitalis major; 6-n.auriculotemporalis; 7-r.zygomaticofacialis; 8-r.zygomaticotemporalis; 9-n.supraorbitalis; 10-n.supratrochlearis; 11-n.infraorbitalis; 12-n.mentalis

. 25 Plexus cervicalis et plexus brachialis. :

1-plexus cervicalis; 2-ansa cervicalis; 3-n.phrenicus; 4-n.vagus; 5-m.scalenus anterior; 6-.carotis communis; 7-plexus brachialis; 8-.subclavia; 9-nn.pectoralici mediales et laterales; 10-rr.cutanei anteriores; 11-n.thoracicus longus; 12-nn.intercostobrachiales; 13-fasciculus medialis plexi brachialis; 14-fasciculus lateralis; 15-a.axillaris; 16-nn.supraclaviculares; 17-m.scalenus medius; 18-n.occipitalis minor; 19-a.carotis externa; 20-venajugularis interna; 21-n.hypoglossus



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