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쳿

쳿

. 1 . ʳ :

1-processus condylaris mandibulae; 2-processus styloideus; 3-fossa retromandibularis; 4-angulus mandibulae; 5-tuberculum carolicum; 6-fossa submandibularis; 7-corpus ossis hyoidei; 8-margo mandib.; 9-tuberculum mentale; 10-prominentia laryngea; 11-arcus cartilaginis cricoideae; 12-isthmus gland. thyr.; 13-linea mediana colli; 14-clavicula; 15-fossa supraclavicularis minor; 16-m.sternocleidomastoideus (origo sternalis); 17-incisura jugularis (suprasternale, jugulum); 18-extremitas sternalis claviculae; 19-acromion; 20-extremitas acromialis claviculae; 21-fossa supraspinata scapulae; 22-processus coracoideus; 23-costa secunda; 24-m.trapezius; 25-prominentia cervicalis (cervicale); 26-fossa supraclavicularis major; 27-linea mediana nuchae; 28-costa prima; 29-musculi nuchae; 30-m.sternocleidomastoideus (margo post.); 31-linea horizontalis (Frankfurt); 32-protuberantia occipitalis externa (inion); 33-processus mastoideus

. 2 :

- regio suprahyoidea: 1-trigonum submandibulare; 2-trigonum submentale; 3-trigonum Pirogovi. - regio infrahyoidea: 1-trigonum caroticum; 2-trigonum omotracheale; 3-trigonum omoclavicularis; 4-trigonum omotrapezoideum; 5-regio sternocleidomastoidea

. 3 . . ( ):

1-m.omohyoideus; 2-m. platysma; 3-m.sternocleidomastoideus; 4-m.sternohyoideus; 5-m.sternothyroideus; 6-gl.thyroidea;7-a.carotis communis, v.jugularis interna, n.vagus; 8-esophagus; 9-m.scalenus medius; 10-m.trapezius. ˳, - fascia superficialis, - fascia propria, - fascia omoclavicularis, - fascia endocervicalis, fascia prevertebralis

. 4 ϳ . :

1-a.,v.,n.auricul. post.; 2-truncus n.facialis; 3-r.colli n.fac.; 4-r.digastr. (VII); 5-m.digastricus (venter post.); 6-n.auricul. magn.; 7-r.colli n.fac., v.retromandib.; 8-v.jugul. ext.; 9-v.jugul. ext., n.transversus colli; 10-fascia m.sternocleidomastoideus; 11-v.facial. comm.; 12-ansa cervic. superfic., fascia cervic.; 13-v.facial. comm.; 14-v.facial.; 15-platysma; 16-a.carotis ext.; 17-r.margin. mandib.; 18-rr.buccales. n.fac.; 19-duct. parot., a.transv. fac.; 20-rr.zygomat. (VII); 21-m.masseter; 22-n.auriculotemp.; 23-rr.temporales n.facialis

. 5 Trigonum submandibulare. Gl. submandibularis, .

1-ductus parotideus, a.transversa faciei; 2-m.masseter, fascia masseterica; 3-rr.buccales nervi facialis; 4-rr.zygomaticus nervi facialis; 5-r.marginalis mandibulae (VII); 6-rr.temporalis nervi facialis; 7-glandula parotis; 8-a.,v.temporalis superficialis, n.auriculotemporalis; 9-m.digastricus, a.facialis; 10-v.facialis; 11-v.retromandibularis, r.colli nervi facialis; 12-a.sternocleidomastoidea; 13-n.auricularis magnus; 14-v.jugularis externa; 15-n.transv. colli (ram. sup.); 16-n.transversus colli; 17-ansa cervicalis superficialis; 18-fascia cervicalis (submandib.); 19-m.digastricus; 20-n.transversus colli; 21-n.hypoglossus, v.comitans n.hypoglossi; 22-trigonum a.lingualis (m.hyoglossus); 23-ductus submandibularis, processus unciatus glandulae submandibularis; 24-fascia colli; 25-a.sublingualis; 26-m.mylohyoideus; 27-m.digastricus (venter ant.); 28-nodi lymph. submandibulares ant.; 29-margo mandibulae; 30-a.,v.submentalis, n.mylohyoideus; 31-ganglion submandibulare, rr.glandulares; 32-n.lingualis, rami ad ganglion submandib.; 33-a.,v.facialis

. 6 Trigonum submandibulare :

1-a.,v.transv. faciei, plex. parot. n.facialis; 2-a.,v.tempor. superf., n.auriculotemp.; 3-a.,n.auricularis post.; 4-m.digastricus (venter post.), r.digastr. n.fac., a.auric. post.; 5-r.colli n.facialis; 6-v.retromandib.; 7-a.carot. ext., v.comitans; 8-a.,v.facialis; 9-n.auricul. magnus, n.occip. min.; 10-ansa cervic. superf.; 11-v.jugul. ext.; 12-n.transversus colli; 13-m.sternocleidomastoideus; 14-m.mylohyoideus (raphe mylohyoidea); 15-n.hypoglossus, v.comit. n.hypogl., m.hyoglossus; 16-m.digastr. (venter ant.); 17-m.mylohyoid.; 18-a.,v.subment., nodi lymph. submand. ant. et medii, n.mylohyoid.; 19-n.ling., duct. submandib.; 20-a.,v.facialis, r.margin. mandib.; 21-gland. submandib.; 22-m.masseter, r. margin. mandibulae; 23-duct. parot

. 7 A. lingualis :

1-a.,v.transv. faciei, rr.orbit.n.facialis; 2-a.,v.tempor. superf., n.auriculotemp.; 3-a.carotis ext., v.retromandib., n.facialis; 4-a.occip., m.digastricus, r.digastr. n.fac.; 5-gland. submandib.; 6-ram. comm.: n.fac. n.auricul. magnus; 7-ansa cervic. superf.; 8-m.digastricus; 9-v.jugul. ext., n.auricul. magnus; 10-n.transversus colli; 11-a.,v.lingualis; 12-m.hyoglossus; 13-n.hypoglossus, v.comit. n. h.; 14-m.mylohyoideus; 15-v.lingualis, v.comitans XII; 16-a.subling. (a.ling.); 17-n.lingualis; 18-n.lingualis, gangl. submandib., rr.submand. (nerv.); 19-rr.submand. a.facialis, ductus submand.; 20-a.submentalis; 21-m.mylohyoideus; 22-a.,v.facialis; 23-m.masseter, rr.buccales, r.margin. mand. (VII)

. 8 Trigonum caroticum. :

1-a.auricularis post.; 2-m.sternocleidomastoideus; 3-n.auricularis magnus; 4-n.occipitalis minor; 5-v.jugularis ext.; 6-nn.supraclaviculares post., a.cervicalis superfic.; 7-platysma; 8-nn.supraclaviculares medii; 9-nn.supraclaviculares ant., a.cervicalis superfic.; 10-clavicula (extremitas sternalis); 11-platysma; 12-capsula gland. parotis

. 9 :

1-m.digastricus, r.digastricus (VII); 2-v.jugul. ext., r.colli n.fac.; 3-arcus n.hypoglossi, a.carot. ext., plexus car. ext.; 4-a.carotis int., sinus carotici; 5-n.vagus, r.cardiac. sup. n. v.; 6-a.,v.sternocleidomast.; 7-radix sup. ansae cervic. (prof.), r.cardiacus; 8-rad. sup. ansae cerv.; 9-rad. inf. ansae cervic. (prof.); 10-ansa cervic.; 11-n.transversus colli; 12-a.carotis comm., plexus carot.; 13-n.auricul. magnus; 14-v.jugul. ext.; 15-m.sternocleidomast.; 16-n.vagus, a.carotis comm.; 17-rami musc. ansae cerv.; 18-gland. thyreoidea; 19-m.sternohyoideus; 20-m.sternothyr.; 21-m.omohyoid. (venter sup.); 22-v.thyr. sup., polus sup. gl. thyr.; 23-a.,v.thyr. sup., a.,v.,n.laryng. sup. (r. int.), membr. thyreo-hyoidea; 24-m.thyreohyoid., cornu maj. o. hyoidei; 25-m.digastricus (venter ant.), m.mylohyoid.; 26-n.hypoglossus, v.comit. n. h.; 27-a.lingualis, v.palat.ascend.; 28-gland.submandib.; 29-v.facialis; 30-a.facialis; 31-m.masseter; 32-v.jugul. int.; 33-gland. parotis

. 10 , :

1-sinus cavernosus; 2-v.temporalis superfic., nodi lymphat. praeauricul.; 3-sinus petrosus sup.; 4-sinus transversus; 5-v.retromandib.; 6-v.facialis comm.; 7-v.laryngea sup., v.jugul int.; 8-truncus jugularis; 9-truncus lymphat. subclav., v.subclavia; 10-v.brachiocephalica dextra; 11-ductus lymphat. dext. (influens), angul. venos., bulbus valvul. v.jugul. int.; 12-v.jugularis ext., truncus lymphat. jugul.; 13-nodi lymphat. submandib. medii; 14-v.facialis; 15-v.transversa faciei; 16-v.angularis; 17-v.ophtalmica superior

. 11 -- , .

:

1-a.,v.auricularis post.; 2-m.sternocleidomastoideus; 3-n.auricularis magnus; 4-n.occipitalis minor; 5-v.jugularis externa; 6-a.cervicalis superficialis; 7-nn.supraciaviculares post., a.cervicalis superficialis; 8-clavicula; 9-nn.supraclaviculares medii; 10-m.sternocleido-mastoideus; 11-n.transversi colli; 12-ansa cervicalis superficialis (ramus sup. n.transversi colli); 13-ramus colli nervi facialis; 14-platysma; 15-ramus marginalis mandibulae; 16-a.,v.facialis; 17-angulus mandibulae; 18-glandula parotis

. 12 :

1-a.temp. superfic., n/auriculotemp., rr.praeauricul.; 2-a.occipitalis, n.occipitalis min.; 3-n.hypoglossus; 4-n.sinus carotici, gangl. cervic. sup.; 5-truncus sympathycus; 6-n.transversus colli; 7-gangl. cervic. med., r.cardiacus med., a.thyreoidea inf.; 8-a.cervic. superfic.; 9- a.subclavia; 10-fasciculus lat.; 11-n.musculocutaneus; 12-n.ulnaris; 13-a.axillaris, n.medianus; 14-n.cut. antebrachii med.; 15-n.thoracicus longus; 16-nn.cutanei brachii med.; 17-n.intercostobrachialis II; 18-gangl. thorac. I, a.thoracica int.; 19-ansa subclavia, a.subclavia, gangl. cervic. inf.; 20-truncus thyreocervicalis; 21-a.,n.vertebralis; 22-a.thyreoid. sup., r. ext. n.laryng. sup.; 23-radix sup. ansae cervicalis (prof.); 24-ansa cervicalis superfic., a.carotis ext., glomus caroticum; 25-r.int. n.laryng. sup., a.laryngea sup.; 26-a.lingualis, n.hypoglossus; 27-r.marginalis mandibulae, r.colli (VII), a.palatina asc.; 28-n.mylohyoid., a.submentalis; 29-a.,n.mentalis; 30-a.facialis; 31-a.,n.infraorbit.; 32-a.angularis; 33-a.transversa faciei

. 13 Regio sternocleidomastoidea:

1-a.thyroidea sup.; 2-C4, r.ext. n.laryng. sup.; 3-n.vagus, r.cardiacus sup.; 4-n.phrenicus; 5-anastom. vasorum thyroid. sup. et inf.; 6-aa.cervic. ascend.; 7-n.cardiacus cervic. sup., a.vertebralis, a.transversa colli; 8-ansa subclavia, a.,v.cerv. superfic., dorsalis scapulae; 9-a.,v.suprascap., n.subclavius; 10-r.card. sup., trunc. thyreocervic., trunc. lymph. jugul.; 11-a.thorac. int. dextra; 12-v.jugul. ext., trunc. lymph. subclavius, n.phrenicus accessorius; 13-nodi lymph. supraclav., v.vertebralis dext., r.card. inf.; 14-vv.thyreoid. imae, trochea; 15-n.recurrens sin., nodi lymph. paratracheales; 16-r.cardiacus sup., v.brachiocephal sin.; 17-r.card. med., cupula pleurae; 18-a.thorac. int. sin. n.phren., trunc. lymph. bronchomediast. ant.; 19-ansa subclavia, trunc. lymph. subclav.; 20-a.,v.subclavia (pars cervicalis); 21-nodus lymph. (Virchow), a.transversa colli; 22-a.,v.vertebralis, ductus thoracicus, angulus venosus; 23-a.thyreoid. inf.; 24-a.,v.cervic. superfic.; 25-v.jugul. int., radix inf. ansae cerv

. 14 Trigonum scalenovertebrale:

1-m.longus capitis; 2-truncus symphaticus cervicalis; 3-ganglion cervicale medium, r.communicans C 5; 4-tuberculum caroticum; 5-m.scalenus ant.; 6-m.scalenus medius; 7-a.,v.vertebralis; 8-n.vertebralis; 9-a.,v.cervicalis prof.; 10-ganglion cervicale inf.; 11-a.intercostalis suprema; 12-m.scalenus post.; 13-cupula pleurae, sulcus a.subclaviae, ansa subclavia; 14-pleura costalis; 15-n.phrenicus; 16-ganglion thorac.; 17-m.longus colli; 18-oesophag., vv.thyreoideae imae, n.recurrens sin. (rr.tracheales, oesophagei); 19-v.brachiocephalica, truncus brachiocephalicus; 20-n.phrenicus, a.pericardiacophrenica; 21-a.carotis communis sin., a.subclavia sin.; 22-a.,v.thoracica int.; 23-n.vagus, r.cardiacus medius, ductus thoracicus; 24-a.subclavia, ansa subclavia, v.brachiocephalica sin.; 25-v.subclavia, truncus lymph. subclavius; 26-a.subclavia; 27-ductus thoracicus, angulus venosus sin.; 28-a.suprascapularis; 29-a.transversa colli; 30-a.cervicalis superficialis, truncus lymph. jugularis; 31-a.,v.vertebralis; 32-a.thyreoidea inf.; 33-n.vagus, r.cardiacus sup.; 34-v.jugularis int., n.phrenicus; 35-a.thyreoideae sup.; 36-a.carotis communis; 37-a.thyreoidea sup., r.ant. et post.; 38-a.laryngea sup.; 39-n.laryngeus sup. (r.int.); 40-n.laryngeus sup. (r.ext.)

. 15 :

1-m.splenius cap. et cervic.; 2-m.levator scapul., rr.muscul. (pl. cervic); 3-n.occipit. min.; 4-n.accessor., a.,v.cervical. superfic.; 5-nn.supraclav. post.; 6-fascicul. lat. (pl. brach.), a.,v.transv. colli; 7-m.omohyoid. (venter inf.); 8-n.suprascapul.; 9-funicul. medialis, n.thorac. ant.; 10-n.supraclav. medii; 11-a.,v.suprascap.; 12-a.subclavia, fascicul. post. plexus brachialis; 13-clavicula; 14-v.jugul. ext.; 15-nn.supraclav. ant.; 16-duct. lymphat dexter; 17-trunc. lymphat. jugul, nodi lymphat. cervic. prof.; 18-a.suprascap.; 19-bulb. valvul. v.jugul. int.; 20-a.cervic. superfic.; 21-n.phren., a.cervic. asc.; 22-m.scal. ant.; 23-m.sternocleidomast.; 24-tendo m.omohyoid., r.musc. ansae cervic. prof.; 25-n.phren. (radices), a.cervic. asc.; 26-n.transversus colli, v.jugul. ant.; 27-v.jugul. externa; 28-plexus brachialis; 29-m.scal. med.; 30-n.auricul. magn

. 16 , :

1-v.brachiocephalica dextra; 2-v.thyreoidea ima; 3-plexus venosus thyreoideus impar; 4-a.subclavia dextra; 5-truncus thyreocervicalis; 6-a.thyreoidea inferior; 7-v.thyreoidea inferior; 8-v.jugularis interna; 9-v.thyreoidea superior; 10-a.thyreoidea superior; 11-a.carotis interna; 12-a.carotis externa; 13-v.thyreoidea media; 14-v.brachiocephalica sinistra; 15-n.vagus; 16-n.laringeus recurrens; 17-oesophagus



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